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Saturday, February 03, 2007

Minor burns management

Thanks to my friend for asking the article about burns and muscle injury in the previous post, at this moment i would like to present to you about burns management.According so many types of burns which is frequently complicated by presence of fire, an explosion, electricity, smoke, toxic fumes, or other hazards, and because burns can be very distressing, and both you and the casualty may be upset by the smell of singed hair and burned flesh, so i am going to specify to manage minor burns and scalds.

Assessing a Burn

Before treating a burn, it is important to consider the extent and the depth of the burn, its cause, and wether the airways is affected.
Once you are able to establish the cause of the burn, you can decide on the treatment. If the airway has been injured, the casualty may experience breathing difficulties, which will require urgent attention.

Minor Burns and Scalds

Small, superficial burns are often caused by domestic accidents. Most can be treated by a First Aider and will heal naturally. If you are in any doubt as to the severity of the injury, seek medical advice.


your aims are:

> To stop the burning.
> To relieve pain and swelling.
> to minimise the risk of infection.

1. Flood the injured part with cold water for at least ten minutes to stop the burning and relieve the pain. If water is not available, any cold, harmless liquid, such as milk or canned drinks, will do.

2. Gently remove any jewellery, watches, belts, or constricting clothing from the injured area before it begins to swell.

3. In some country MEBO (moist exposure burn ointment) is available in the pharmacy, so we can apply gently before covering by steril gouze, or it can be exposed if minor burn only occur.

4. Cover the area with a sterile dressing, or any clean, non fluffy material, and bandage loosely in place. A plastic bag or some kitchen film makes a good temporary.

5. If you identify as Severe burns, immediately to gather relevant information for emergency services and arrange to removal to hospital.


DO NOT break blisters or otherwise interfere with injured area.
DO NOT apply adhesive dressing or adhesive tape to the skin; the burn may be more extensive than it first appears.

Thin "bubbles", known as blisters, form on skin that has been damages by heat or friction. they are caused by tissue fluid (serum) leaking into the burned area below the skin's surface. During healing, new skin forms at the base of the blister; the serum is re-absorbed and the outer layer of dead skin will eventually peel off.

Good luck, so you can be a doctor at home or workplace to give first aid.


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